Introduction to Doctoral Programs



The Doctoral Programs in the National University of Management normally require three years of intensive study beyond the master's degree. The university offered two types of programs: the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA). Both are research-based degrees and all students are required to demonstrate competence in scholarly research. Since the doctoral programs focus on developing competent scholars, heavy emphasis is placed on the development of both teaching and researching skills. Students are expected to work closely with faculty members whose interests are similar to their own. The University is committed to advancing knowledge through original applied research, original theoretical research and creating a stimulating teaching-learning environment. The PhD and DBA are of equivalent academic standard and rigor. Both are recognized internationally as research degrees. In general, the focus of a PhD program is to develop new theory, whereas the focus of a DBA program is to apply theoretical knowledge to the advancement of business practice. Both PhD and DBA programs require original research culminating in the creation and defense of a dissertation. The DBA is a professional doctorate for managers and the PhD is a professional doctorate for academics. They both include of course work period and research work period.  The PhD is the most common doctorate degree for those who wish to pursue academic careers. However, the degree is also used as for advanced consulting, research, or business/public administration careers. Often, PhD students choose an area of specialization such as management, finance, economics, marketing, or tourism. The goal of the PhD is to provide a combination of research skills training, exposure to the latest business research and original theoretical research, which will help students to grow as “Professional Researchers”. The DBA is designed to provide business executives with competencies needed to pursue business/public administration careers that require more advanced research skills and qualifications. Some DBA programs may also be pathways into careers in academia. The goal of the DBA is to offer a combination of research skills training, exposure to the latest business research and original applied research, which will help students to grow as “Research Professionals”.

2.Admission Requirements


To meet the Degree of Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) or the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) at the National University of Management, student must possess:


  1. a master's degree from NUM; or a master’ degree/equivalent degree from any other university recognized by NUM and accredited by the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport with grade of at least B;
  2. a completed application form with three letters of recommendation;
  3. an official master’s transcript
  4. a summary of curriculum vitae with work experiences;
  5. a minimum of 500 score report for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or an evidence of proficiency in the use of English language;
  6. an evidence of proficiency in the use of information technology for supporting research; and
  7. a preliminary research proposal with 3 to 5 pages 


3.Selection Process


There are two steps in selection process:

  1. Admission of applicants will be based on the evaluation of document requirements;
  2. The evaluation of the defense of preliminary research proposal.

4.Degree Requirements

The NUM’s doctoral student must satisfy the following requirements: 

  1. Three years of work beyond the master's degree, with one and half years course works and one and half years research works.
  2. Completion of a minimum of 54 credits (21 credits of course works and 33 credits of research works for PhD) and (27 credits of course works and 27 credits of research works for DBA) with a minimum grade of B.
  3. The student is required to take a series of core that are designed to provide an introduction to theories and approaches relevant for advanced courses and to lay basis foundations for subsequent dissertation research.
  4. The student is expected to master the literature and techniques in a choosing major area such as management, economics, finance, marketing, entrepreneurship and tourism, to be prepared to write an acceptable dissertation, and performance research of high quality.
  5. The student must pass two written examination: core course examination and major area of concentration examination with a minimum grade of B.
  6. The student has to attend national and international seminars and participate in presentation.
  7. The student has to write the articles for publishing in local or international journals.
  8. The student must complete a dissertation. The dissertation must show mastery of the literature and techniques, be written in creditable literary form, and represent a contribution to knowledge in the area of study.
  9. The student must successfully defend the completed dissertation in a public oral examination.


5.Grading Policy


Students will be evaluated throughout each semester based on course works and research works given out during each semester.


The grade systems awarded by the National University of Management are:


           Grade             Score               Grade Point               Description


            A         =          85 – 100          4.00                             Excellent

            A-        =          80 – 84            3.67                             Very Good

            B+       =          75 – 79            3.33                             Good

            B         =          70 – 74            3.00                             Fairly Good

            B-        =          65 – 69            2.67                             Almost Good

            C+       =          60 – 64            2.33                             Fair

            C         =          55 – 59            2.00                             Almost Fair

            C-        =          50 – 54            1.67                             Poor

            D         =          45 – 49            1.33                             Very Poor

            F          =            0 – 39            1.00                             Failure

            I           =                                  Incomplete

A student registered in a specific course for credit, must have attended at least 80% of a class session, otherwise a grade of “F” is assigned to the student’s record. A grade “F” can also be given to students who do not take the final examination for a subject for which he has registered.

To be awarded the degree of Philosophy Doctor (PhD) or the degree of Doctor of Business Administration (DBA), a student must fulfill all requirements and pass the examination for all subjects as determined by the program of study and obtain a grade average of at least B. 

6.Period of Study

The minimum period for full-time study is six (6) semesters and maximum is twelve (12) semesters and sixteen (16) months for part-time study.

This period is divided into two phases:

First Phase: Coursework Period

During this period students will take methodological courses to develop their quantitative and qualitative analytical skills, including a full range of methodologies: field research, case studies, simulations and experimental research.

Throughout the first year and a half students will complete a total of 7 courses:  2 core or fundamental, 3 major courses and 2 elective courses for PhD and 9 courses: 2 core or fundamental, 5 major courses and 2 elective courses for DBA. These courses are designed to build the kind of research skills that are critical to the development of a high-quality manager, researchers and teachers for public and private sectors. At the successful competition of this period student will undergo a comprehensive exam that will qualify them to start their dissertation preparation.

Second Phase: Research Period

During this period students are required to work on Supervised Research Projects with a faculty member, and to defend research proposal orally before a committee. At the end of the first part of the program, this committee evaluates the theoretical and practical contribution of the proposed research project as well as the suitability of the methodology to conduct the research. Students who successfully defend their dissertation proposal are transferred to PhD/DBA Candidate status and are expected to complete their dissertation work within 18 months. At the end of each semester of the second part of the program the same committee also evaluates the candidate’s progress of the dissertation.

7.Curriculum Structure

Basic Courses: Courses designed to provide students with necessary grounding in research methodology and foster a managerial perspective. 

Major Courses: This phase is to develop a competence in the chosen area of concentration in business administration. The students are required to complete at least six major courses.

Elective Courses: This phase is to develop a supportive area of interest which will be useful for future teaching and research. Students are required to take at least two courses in this area.

Article Writing: All doctoral students are required to complete writing of two articles (6 credits) for publishing during the period of study. The purpose is to find and compile data, to participate in an exploration of the data, to make original observations, to show relationships between data, and to make evaluations on a major subject.

Seminar/Conference: Doctoral students are expected to be active participants by summarizing literature, reviewing research and synthesizing perspective. This seminar is also an opportunity for the doctoral students to develop research which is of significant interest to them and which may serve as a preliminary stage for the design of their dissertation proposal and subsequent research.

Research Proposal: The proposal proposes the study the student would like to conduct. Therefore, it is important for the proposal to present clearly what the topic is? Why it is important to study? And how it should be studied? The research proposal for doctoral/muster students must identify key important points in three chapters: introduction, literature review, and methodology.

Dissertation: The dissertation is a culminating task in applicable programs that allows the student to demonstrate pertinent knowledge, skills, research expertise, and possible practical application in his or her discipline. It is critically important for our students to demonstrate their abilities to pursue systematic investigations and examine significant issues or problems as they work towards graduating and becoming competent professionals.  In this phase the students begin their dissertation development, develop a dissertation proposal, and complete the dissertation. At least 18 credits must be met.

8. Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)

Program Objectives: The DBA Program normally requires three years of intensive study beyond the master's degree. The program focuses on developing competent scholars, heavy emphasis is placed on the development of both teaching and researching skills. The Program seeks to educate future management researchers and teachers who:

  1. Generate new knowledge to advance understanding of their major fields: Management, Marketing, Accounting, Finance, International Business, etc.
  2. Improve management practice by teaching excellence and creating innovative educational strategies
  3. Develop an increased appreciation of scholarly research and writing within individual doctoral students
  4. Work across disciplines to solve complex problems of modern management.

9. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Program Objectives: The PhD Program is designed to prepare students for careers as teachers and scholars at universities and research institutes in both the private and public sectors. The program enables students to complete an extensive, independent research project under the supervision of an expert academic. When completed this research should make a valuable contribution to the current body of knowledge on a chosen topic. The major objectives of this program are:

  1. To equip students to conduct high-quality research relevant to private or public organizations,
  2. To prepare students for the varied responsibilities of careers in research and teaching or for positions requiring similar research and analytical skills and
  3. To make students aware of a broad range of contemporary business issues.

10.Course Description

DBA701​​​​​ Statistics for Management: This course provides an introduction to statistics and probability as techniques for collecting, summarizing and interpreting data and for coping with uncertainty in the management decision-making process. Topics include design of studies, observational studies exploratory data analysis, statistical summaries, interactive statistical computing, probability, simple and multiple regressions, time series analysis, estimation, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, quality control/statistical process control and modern developments.

DBA702 Economics Foundations for Management: A survey of basic economic concepts is presented. Topics include supply and demand, consumer behavior, price and output decisions by firms, market structures, factor markets, market failures, and international trade. An emphasis is also given to national income, unemployment, inflation, business cycles, aggregate supply and demand, monetary and fiscal policy, and economic growth. 

DBA703​​​ Research Methods for Management: Research methods, issues and techniques in social science with an emphasis on business administration, The course is concerned with the whole research process, starting with the philosophy behind social science research and finishing with discussions on publication. Emphasis will be placed on how to convert theory into research ideas and how to employ different research methods.

DBA812 Marketing Theory & Practice: This course focuses on marketing problems faced by an organization and its management. A survey of marketing literature examines both theoretical and empirical research in such marketing-related fields as economics, consumer-buyer behavior, promotion, distribution, ethics, pricing, product development, global marketing, and marketing strategy in an effort to seek solutions.

DBA714 Financial Management and Accounting: The course covers the fundamental principles and core tools used in corporate finance. Topics include: the analysis of the firm performance, cash flow valuation, the assessment of capital investment opportunities, the cost of capital and capital structure, managing firm growth, risk assessment, and short-term financial management. The course emphasizes the theoretical and conceptual underpinning of each topic, and its use in applied work. The course further introduces each student to some of the academic and business literature related to the main topics covered.

DBA811 Leadership & Organizational Behavior: The course focuses on how managers become effective leaders. This course examines basic principles of managing people, making use of theories that transcend the workplace, including the psychology of individual and group behavior. Upon completion of the course, the student will have mastered the concepts of the field, such as diversity in the workplace, perception and attribution processes, motivation and individual differences in organizations, group dynamics and decision-making, teamwork, leadership, and quality improvement programs.

DBA713 Strategic Management & Corporate Governance: Students will explore current academic research in management strategy and change management.  This course examines the standard model of Vision, Mission, Strategies, Tactics, Implementation, Measuring Results, and Control.  The course focuses on the social and political factors that help shape corporate strategy using stakeholder management as an integrating concept. Topics include corporate governance, corporate political activity, governmental regulation, comparative political economy, and normative aspects of strategic management, including ethics and corporate social responsibility.

DBA823 International Business: The course focuses on organization and management of international business stressing the effects of international culture, economic, and legal factors on the management function. Typical factors examined are export and import trade, transnational investment, finance, marketing, production and human resource. The course also focuses on the problems of international business organization such as MNCs and international joint ventures, analyzes and criticizes their problems, considers alternative solutions to difficult international problems.

DBA824 Change Management and Consulting Strategies: This course has been designed to help students to learn, identify, and focus on the key areas of the organization that should be prioritized for change initiatives and to develop and implement strategies that will increase the success rate of the key change initiatives. The course will accomplish its objectives by providing students current information through extensive use of recent journal articles and papers as well as classic articles and papers related to the field of study.

PHD701 Seminar in Business & Management: This course is designed to heighten students’ awareness of a broad range of contemporary business and management issues, and allow them to situate their own research in this context. The course stimulates students to think about the demanding nature of change management and leadership in any organization today, while helping them to develop a portfolio of skills in consultancy and teaching.

PHD702 Advanced Statistics: The course covers complex analyses used in business education and data-driven decision making. Topics include multivariate analysis of variance, loglinear analysis, factor analysis, discriminate function, canonical correlation, and an introduction to structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis.

PHD703 Advanced Research Methodology: This course is an advanced exploration of the methods used in conducting organizational studies research. Students expand their abilities to conceptualize, design, implement, report, present, and critique research. Students learn through review and discussion of research methods, as well as their direct application in short assignments and a semester-long, team-based research project.

 PHD811 Quantitative Research Methods: This course introduces the graduate student to basic methods of empirical inquiry in the social sciences. The overwhelming majority of studies that test hypotheses, empirically fit models, produce predictions, or estimate policy impacts are based upon some form of quantitative or statistical analysis. The course will provide a solid foundation in statistical inference, enabling the student to become a competent producer of basic statistical research.

PHD812 Qualitative Research Methods: This course will focus on methodologies associated with qualitative research practices including observation, interviews, data collection, interpretation and analysis. It critically evaluates recurring themes of qualitative research and applies these to a range of qualitative approaches applicable to students.

PHD704 Literature Review: This course aims at familiarizing the students with the literature of their intended area of research. The student will develop the skills needed to identify and justify an important research area, to organize, categorize and critically evaluate existing information, and to identify the current gaps in knowledge and business practice. The students will work under the guidance of their supervisors on the review of the literature relevant to their own research.

PHD823 Special Independent Studies: The course is designed to give variety for reflecting current interest of the students. The specific topic of this course is to be chosen by student for building the foundation of research area. The course may be applied to a student's program, insofar as they fit into the program requirements.